Text of the Trans-Pacific Partnership

The text of the Agreement was released by TPP Parties on 5 November 2015 and can be accessed by chapter below. The text will continue to undergo legal review and will be translated into French and Spanish language versions prior to signature. *via New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade).

Today, NYELJP met nearly sixty clients and supporters at the Kings County Supreme Court for a rehearing on their clients’ Article 78 petition against the IMG_1416City and Developer iStar Financial.  After a rally on the courthouse steps, Executive Director Joel Kupferman, along with Of Counsels Rajiv Jaswa and Seth Korman, argued that the proposed Seaside Park and Community Arts Center, a $50+ million commercial development project just off the boardwalk in west Coney Island, would, among other problems, exacerbate flooding and stormwater issues in the area.  Moreover, the project would displace a community that has for years used much of the development space as a public park and garden—land that to this day is listed as a park by the NYC Parks Department.



The Boardwalk Community Garden in 2013, before it was bulldozed by the City

On December 15, NYELJP will return to court on behalf of Coney Island community members, gardeners, and environmental activists for a rehearing in a suit against the City and a private developer, who together are seeking to build a $53m amphitheater and commercial space along the Coney Island boardwalk.  The development, a pet project of former Brooklyn Borough President Marty Markowitz, consists of a 5,100-seat theater, stage, restaurant area, and paved pavilion, and would provide space for both free and private events, including Markowitz’s annual seaside concert series.

However, the project would provide few benefits to the local Coney West community.

Not only would the development exacerbate the many environmental problems in the area—in particular flooding and inadequate sewerage—but the project is to be built on top of parkland that was managed for years by Parks Department, used for park purposes, and which served as one of the few open green spaces in the community.  And though the development has languished, this parkland remains enclosed today, nearly a year after it was bulldozed, in violation of state alienation laws, and inaccessible to the local community.  Moreover, the community is frustrated that the city would rather spend its money developing prime, beachfront real estate than on improving local infrastructure, such as streets and sewers, which are both prone to flooding.

Community members further remain incensed that that City demolished the garden in the middle of the night, destroying thousands of dollars of equipment and ruining a treasured public space that had been tended for years and even rebuilt by the community in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy.

All so the City can transform this:


And this:


Into this:


The case will be argued on December 15, 2014, at 12:00 in Kings County Supreme Court, part 73. 360 Adams Street, Brooklyn.  A press conference is scheduled for 11:00 am on the courthouse steps.


NYELJP's Joel Kupfermant at City Hall Press Conference to announce filing of lawsuit against NYCHA's Infill Plan  -  Photo Courtesy of Arlene Davila

NYELJP’s Joel Kupferman with NYCHA residents and allies at City Hall to announce filing of lawsuit against NYCHA’s Infill Plan – Photo Courtesy of Arlene Davila

The Urban Justice Center and NY Environmental Law and Justice Project, together with tenants’ rights groups and resident associations, filed a lawsuit today in NYS Supreme Court to prevent the New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) from accepting any bids to construct luxury high rise developments in five NYCHA sites targeted for the Land Lease Program (Infill). The lawsuit compels NYCHA to perform environmental reviews in its housing developments where it is planning to lease public lands to private developers.

NYCHA is seeking to raise revenue for necessary repairs to its housing developments by leasing public land, such as parks and community gardens, within housing sites throughout the city. Five of the public housing developments are on the Lower East Side – Baruch Houses, Campos Plaza, LaGuardia Houses, Meltzer Tower, and Smith Houses. Two of the developments are on the Upper East Side – Carver Houses and Washington Houses. And one, Douglass Houses, is on the Upper West Side.

In August 2013, NYCHA issued a Request for Expressions of Interest (RFEI) to procure services for the construction of luxury high-rise towers on 14 existing NYCHA sites, including 5 on parkland, within the eight developments.

The lawsuit claims that NYCHA violated state and federal laws by failing to conduct environmental reviews and floodplain analyses, which determine possibilities for inundation, before issuing the RFEI to developers. It also claims that NYCHA violated the Public Trust Doctrine by failing to obtain the necessary legislative approval before targeting parkland sites for non-parkland use and therefore cannot move forward with its land lease program.

It is clear that NYCHA decided to forego necessary environmental reviews in order to speed up its land lease program. In the process, it violated state and federal laws by issuing a Request for Expressions of Interest to luxury developers and therefore should not be allowed to move forward with leasing land at public housing sites,” said Harvey Epstein, Director of the Community Development Project at the Urban Justice Center.

Without a proper environmental review process, NYCHA is trying to shoehorn in deals with luxury housing developers before the window closes on the Bloomberg administration.  It is especially irresponsible—not to mention unlawful—to rush into a bidding process for large-scale construction at NYCHA developments that are still reeling from Hurricane Sandy’s devastation, and where FEMA’s best available data shows the greatest flood hazards in lower Manhattan,” said Joel Kupferman, Director of the NY Environmental Law and Justice Project.

Map of Coastal Flooding Hazards at Lower East Side NYCHA Developments  -  Courtesy of Pratt Institute's RAMP

Map of Coastal Flooding Hazards at Lower East Side NYCHA Developments – Courtesy of Pratt Institute’s RAMP

Infill is a flawed initiative that discounts the well-being of the very residents NYCHA purports to serve. Long after Bloomberg returns to the financial sector, NYCHA residents will be stuck with the damaging effects of this plan. Residents will lose their community center, parks and recreational spaces so that wealthy New Yorkers have more luxury apartments to chose from,” said Denise Miranda, Managing Director of the Safety Net Project at the Urban Justice Center.

Residents at the housing developments have expressed opposition to NYCHA’s land lease plan since its announcement in March.

Based on what happened in my development after Sandy, I’m shocked that NYCHA has not thought about the environmental impacts the land lease program could have on my building as well as my community,” said Derese Huff, President of Campos Plaza Resident Association.

NYCHA is going to tear down our community center that provides after school programs for youth, meals for the elderly and healthcare services in order to build luxury housing. Infill won’t help NYCHA residents. It will destroy the few resources that people in our community can enjoy and afford,” said Domingo Munoz, VP, George Washington Houses Resident Association.

The purpose of this lawsuit is to bring justice to all public housing residents and save our homes. NYCHA’s land lease program will destroy affordable housing for low-income families truly making this a tale of two cities,” said Aixa Torres, President of Smith Houses.

In Washington Houses, NYCHA is destroying and taking away our community center which serves thousands of families and children in our development and community, to build luxury housing for the rich with their own separate entrances. They are literally creating a tale of two cities. We refuse to lie down and will fight to take back our homes!” said Marietta Palmer, Washington Houses Resident and a leader at Community Voices Heard.

I have lived in the Carver Houses for 50 years; I raised my family here. Now, NYCHA wants to tear down our community centers and parks to create luxury housing. If NYCHA is really concerned about saving public housing, it should work with the residents to create a plan that strengthens our developments, not one that demolishes community gardens and senior centers,” said Patricia White, Secretary, George Washington Carver Houses Resident Association

In the RFEI, NYCHA has set a deadline of November 18th for bids by developers to build, operate and manage luxury developments on these NYCHA properties.

On June 27th 2013, I testified before the Committee on Environmental Protection at City Hall.

Please find attached my testimony re: the introduction of Local Law no.1088 to amend the administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to water retentive sidewalks and a study on absorptive street and sidewalk materials and alternative street angulation.

July 27, 2013 City Council Testimony re: Introduction of Local Law 1088

Celia Tutunjian


Sufficient evidence traces back the source of the October 2010 cholera outbreak in Haiti to the MINUSTAH camp in Mirebalais. The Nepalese peacekeepers failed to maintain proper sanitary conditions, and dumped human waste directly in the Meille River. The strain of the cholera virus was found to be identical to the one in Nepal. As of May 31st of this year (2013), the cholera outbreak has claimed 8,120 lives and infected more than half a million Haitians. 150 new cases of infection are counted every day, and a person is dying from cholera every 40 minutes. The UN is held accountable for the outbreak because it didn’t screen the Nepalese troops for cholera before their arrival in Haiti. It also failed to maintain water testing equipment in good condition, which caused unsanitary and extremely infectious conditions in the camp area. The UN is not only responsible for causing the outbreak, but for failing to properly address the outbreak after it happened. It intentionally delayed investigation on the matter, and tried at every turn to conceal the source of contamination.


Haiti faces major challenges in regards to its water, sanitation, and transportation infrastructure. With the main river infested with the cholera virus, the majority of the Haitian people are left with no alternative source of water. A lot of civilians therefore still drink from the river and get infected. 83% of Haitians don’t have the means to dispose of their fecal waste properly. Half of the garbage is left uncollected. There are only 2 sanitation plants in operation for a country of more than 10 million people. The number of cholera treatment centers has dropped significantly over the last two years: it went down from over 300 clinics in early 2011 to a low 28 as of April 2013 for the entire country. In the meantime, the death toll keeps increasing. People are not able to reach hospitals and clinics on time because it is so hard for them to move around.


Haiti suffers from a severe shortage of funding, and a serious lack of transparency and accountability on where money goes. The great majority of funds collected for Haiti are not spent in Haiti, with only 10% of the total $6.4 billion invested actually going through national systems. As MINUSTAH’s budget for peacekeeping operations goes down, Ian Schwab suggests that more money could be put into the cholera eradication plan, which is estimated at $2.27 billion over 10 years.


The standing claims commission still hasn’t been established in practice. This means that there is no effective judicial mechanism enabling Haitian civilians affected by cholera to file claims against the MINUSTAH. Furthermore, the 1964 Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations grants immunity to UN personnel from legal courts in countries where they are stationed.

The UN has a legal obligation to provide remedy for the cholera outbreak aftermath. The Haitian people demand:

1-      Investment in water and sanitation infrastructure to promote better hygiene, water delivery and waste collection

2-      Implementation and funding of an effective cholera eradication plan

3-      Compensation for losses

4-      A public apology from the UN recognizing the responsibility of the MINUSTAH in the cholera outbreak


While the Haitian government is pro-UN, thousands of Haitians are protesting against what they perceive to be an illegal armed force in their country. UN soldiers have repeatedly violated the space and integrity of university campuses, fired at Haitian civilians during protests, and been found guilty of several rape incidents. The Haitian people want doctors, engineers, agronomists instead of the MINUSTAH.


The lack of transparency in regards to mining contracts is particularly worrisome as the country’s landscape and infrastructure are already tremendously fragile. Haitians, especially in the rural North, are very concerned about the impact of potential mining exploration activities would have on the environment. The country is at a roadblock because the government is pro-mining operations while the senate is against it. This poses a major obstacle for the implementation of sustainable solutions to health and environmental problems in the country.

Celia Tutunjian

New York Environmental Law & Justice Project

While the New York City Housing Authority has continuously mentioned that their new ‘infill plan’ will ensure “that no public housing apartments would be demolished and no families displaced,” they have yet to mention any potential drawbacks in loss of open space, community centers, and recreational facilities. That being said, NYCHA has released pre-Request for Proposal (RFP) documentation on their website as a first step in allowing residents and fellow concerned New Yorkers to examine their intended plans.

Screen shot 2013-06-12 at 10.48.30 AM

Map located in pre-RFP Smith Houses documentation of NYCHA’s intended plans for two new luxury 350′ and 500′ towers on the South Street Site. © New York City Housing Authority

As you can see from many of the documents, including the map above of the Smith Houses’ South Street Site, many of these buildings are massive, significantly larger than any of the NYCHA buildings even, and will greatly impact residents’ availability for open space, light, and air. With such an influx of residents to these areas, it may produce even more diverse problems such as overcrowded public transportation. According to NYCHA, they are willing to receive, and in fact appreciate, feedback from residents regarding the pre-proposals. It will be an interesting turn in the actual RFPs to see if that take any resident advice into consideration; although with the round table meetings, it seems as though there is quite a slim chance of any real discussion. As truthfully stated by housing authority official Leroy Williams, “this is NYCHA’s property and we can do what we want with it.”

Marissa Silverberg
New York Environmental Law and Justice Project

On Tuesday, June 11 tenant leaders, representing seven NYCHA developments, held a press conference to announce their opposition to the NYCHA infill development plan. They were joined by a host of elected officials who also voiced their dissent, including Congress members Nydia Velazquez, Charles Rangel,  Jerrod Nadler, and Speaker of the City Council, Christine Quinn.

Screen shot 2013-06-11 at 4.56.58 PM
Congresswoman Nydia Velazquez speaking in support of NYCHA residents © New York Environmental Law and Justice Project
Those who spoke expressed that there has been a constant lack of transparency on the part of NYCHA, feeling as though the plan was formulated without any input from the communities to be affected. In addition, tenant leaders said that the infill development was not the appropriate means for NYCHA to procure funds. Inhabitants are wary of the unknown impact that hundreds of new luxury housing units may have on their public housing developments.
Erik Hanselman
New York Environmental Law and Justice Project

“Our headline is ‘Trojan horse,’” attorney Joel Kupferman told The Villager.


Other press:

Again, Uproar Over NYCHA’s Plan to Lease Land to Developers By Lila Selim, April 18, 2013, The Local, East Village, NY Times

Trio of Tenants Associations Oppose NYCHA’s Land-Lease Plan By Lila Selim, April 5, 2013, The Local, East Village, NY Times

Luxury Housing in NYCHA’s Open Space? By Alexis Stephens, March 15, 2013, Rooflines


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